3.2M workers remain on jobless benefits as weekly claims jump

More than 3.2 million Americans remained on traditional state unemployment benefits as the number of people seeking new claims leaped last week above 400,000 again, the feds said Thursday.

Continuing claims fell by about 29,000 from over 3.25 million the week before, according to data released Thursday by the Labor Department. That figure stood at around 16 million at the same time last year, in the thick of the pandemic.

Continuing claims have fallen significantly since peaks seen in 2020, but the figure remains about twice as high as pre-pandemic levels.

New weekly filings for jobless claims, seen as a proxy for layoffs, reached 419,000 last week, a leap up from the prior week’s revised level of 368,000, the feds added Thursday.

Economists surveyed by Dow Jones expected exactly 350,000 initial claims for unemployment last week.

Weekly new claims have fallen substantially from the 2020 peak of about 6.1 million new claims in a single week. The week-over-week numbers have inched closer to historical averages over the past couple of months as hiring has picked back up.

The country was averaging just over 200,000 new claims per week in 2019.

Prospective employees are interviewed during a job fair at AltaMed Health Services on July 9, 2021 in Huntington Park, California.
Prospective employees are interviewed during a job fair at AltaMed Health Services on July 9, 2021 in Huntington Park, California.
AFP via Getty Images

The jobless data comes after the US managed to add 850,000 jobs last month, topping economists’ expectations in a sign that the labor market recovery is heating up.

Still, some economists say the recovery is happening too slowly and it threatens to derail the US’ broader economic rebound.

Earlier this month, the Labor Department reported that US job openings rose again in May, to more than 9.2 million nationwide, indicating there are plenty of open positions.

And a poll published last week by Morning Consult found that more than 1.8 million unemployed Americans have turned down jobs over the course of the pandemic because of the generosity of unemployment insurance benefits.

In a bid to hasten the job market recovery, a handful of states have moved to cut unemployed people off from pandemic-boosted federal unemployment benefits, which give unemployed workers an extra $300 per week.

Many business owners, Republicans and economists have blamed the extra benefits for causing the labor shortage, saying that the unemployment payout keeps workers at home while businesses go understaffed.

In addition to the federal unemployment program, other reasons for the labor crunch include fear of getting COVID-19 and school closures, keeping parents at home, economists say.

Alaska, Iowa, Mississippi and Missouri all ended the federal program on June 12, about three months before it is set to expire.

Another eight states ended the program on June 19, though some of the moves have been tied up in court.

In all, at least 25 states are looking to lure workers back into the labor market by withdrawing from the federal program.

President Biden confirmed last month that he would let the federal unemployment benefits program expire after Labor Day.

The White House has nonetheless defended the extra benefits, saying that businesses should pay people more.

But many economists are growing increasingly worried about wage inflation driving prices further up. Companies have already begun raising prices, blaming higher labor and supply costs.

Chipotle, for example, has said it raised its menu prices by up to 4 percent to cover the costs of higher wages for employees. Executives from other major companies, including General Mills, Unilever and JM Smucker, have also warned recently about rising costs and inflationary pressures.

Shoppers are bearing the brunt of rising prices, with the costs of everything from apparel and cars to bacon and milk spiking.